How to Manage a Project



These are a set of questions that people have asked, mainly about applying the project management approach to their normal work situation. We have tried to give what we feel are "best practice" answers but cannot pretend that the answers are definitive.

What is PRINCE2?

PRINCE stands for Projects in Controlled Environments. It is a project management method covering the organisation, management and control of projects. It was first developed by the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency (CCTA) in 1989 as a UK Government standard for IT project management.

Prince 2 Diagram

PRINCE2 follows the same generic principles that we have covered in our descriptions but tends to be much more prescriptive and can be rather heavy on documentation. See the list of documents and team roles below taken from the PRINCE2 manual "Managing Successful Projects with PRINCE2".

PRINCE2 has been promoted by the Office of Government Commerce as a general project management system suitable for all projects including policy and service delivery. In practice, use of PRINCE2 is still strongest in the IT arena for which it was originally developed.

It is used also in private sector IT projects but in many other areas each major industry sector (e.g. petrochemicals, construction, aerospace) has developed their own approaches to suit their own issues.

For those that wish to know more, information is available from the Office of Government Commerce or the Association for Project Managers.

Appendix A: Product Description Outlines

Appendix B: Project Management Team Roles