Team Leadership Toolkit


Douglas McGregor (1906-1964)

Theory X & Theory Y

Thesis: Staff will contribute more to the organization if they are treated as responsible and valued employees.

Douglas McGregor in his book, "The Human Side of Enterprise" published in 1960 examined theories on behaviour of individuals at work, and formulated two models which he calls Theory X and Theory Y which make completely different/opposite assumptions about people at work.

Theory X and Theory Y Spectrum

Theory X

Theory Y